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Aaron R. Estes, Sgt., Company B,
10th Texas Infantry Regiment, CSA

My matrilineal 2nd great grand uncle, Aaron R. Estes, served in Company B, 10th Texas Infantry Regiment more than 34 months, Oct 1861 to Sept 1864. He died in service after the battle of Jonesboro, Georgia.

Aaron R. Estes enlisted as a Private on 23 Oct 1861, at 41 years of age. Aaron Estes
  • was taken prison of war at the surrender of Fort Hindman, Arkansas Port, Arkansas, 11 Jan 1863
        was held Prisoner of War at Camp Douglas, Chicago, Illinois, for ~ 3 months; Jan - Apr 1863
  • fought in / survived the battles of the Army of Tennessee from Sept 1863 - Aug 1864
  • died from a severe wound in the right breast received at the Battle of Jonesboro, Georgia,
        on 01 Sept 1864. He died the next day, 02 Sept 1864
  • is likely buried in an unmarked grave at the Patrick R. Cleburne Confederate Cemetery in
        Jonesboro, Clayton County, Georgia. Images of the cemetery are below. See Note_01.

    Aaron R. Estes' soldier's story and some items of his personal history are detailed below.

  • Sgt. Aaron R. Estes, Co. A, 10th Texas Infantry, Soldier's Story

    Aaron R. Estes enlisted as a Sergeant in Company B, 10th Texas Infantry [Nelson's] Regiment on 23 Oct 1861. He was 41 years of age at enlistment. The company was organized by James W. Bennett at Springfield, Limestone County, Texas, beginning in October 1861.

    Aaron R. Estes served more than 34 month in Company B, 10th Texas Infantry, 23 Oct 1861 to 02 Sept 1864, the date of his death from wounds.

    Aaron R. Estes was captured on 11January1863 with the surrender of Fort Hindman, Arkansas Post, Arkansas. After capture, Estes was moved to Camp Douglas [Chicago], Illinois; a camp where many soldiers froze to death. He was paroled at Camp Douglas, Illinois, 03 April 1863 and delivered at City Point, Virginia, 10 April 1863, and exchanged. The exchanged soldiers were pressed into service to defend Richmond, Virginia, in the event that Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker's Army of The Potomac defeated Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia at the battle of Chancellorsville, Va. The Confederate Army prevailed and the reorganized regiment was next reported at winter camp in Tullahoma, Tennessee, on 30 June 1863.

    While Aaron R. Estes was in service, the 10th Texas Infantry [Dismounted] regiment was engaged in the following battles which had a direct impact on the course of the war and / or decisive influence on a campaign:
  • Chickamauga, Georgia, 19 - 20 September 1863
  • Missionary Ridge [Tunnell Hill], Tennessee, 25 November 1863
       part of Battle of Chattanooga, Tennessee, 23 - 25 Nov 1863
  • Ringgold Gap [Taylor's Ridge], Georgia, 27 November 1863
  • Atlanta, Georgia, 21- 22 July 1864
  • Jonesboro, Georgia, 31 August - 1 September 1864
       where Aaron R. Estes met his demise.

    Aaron R. Estes was severely wounded in the right breast at the Battle of Jonesboro, Clayton County, Georgia, on 01 Sept 1864. He died on 02 Sept 1864 at the age of 44.4 years. He is likely buried in an unmarked grave at the Patrick R. Cleburne Confederate Cemetery in Jonesboro, Clayton County, Georgia. See Note_01 and images of the cemetery, below.

    A memorial C.S.A. marker standing in Mt. Antioch Cemetery, Limestone County, Texas, marking Aaron R. Estes' CSA service and existence. An image of this memorial marker is below.

    Note: Scott McKay maintains a comprehensive website regarding the 10th Texas Infantry.

  • Some Items Regarding Aaron R. Estes Personal History

    The following details of Aaron R. Estes' personal history are largely taken from Lisa Kight's comprehensive webpages regarding the family of Lucy [nee RICHARDSON] and Hiram ESTES. Narrative information regarding the family of Elizabeth L. [nee Wilson] and Aaron R. Estes is found on the same webpage.

    The information below is presented here for completeness; please refer to Lisa Kight's webpages for further information and family narratives.

    Aaron R. Estes was born on 10 May 1820 in Boueff, Franklin County, Missouri. He was the second child and second son of Lucy [nee RICHARDSON] and Hiram ESTES. Twelve younger siblings were born to Lucy [nee RICHARDSON] and Hiram ESTES. The last child, Edward Burleson Estes, was born in The Republic of Texas.

    Aaron R. Estes married Elizabeth Lucretia 'Lucy' Wilson on 01 November 1838 in Morgan County, Missouri. They bore nine/10 children; two born in Missouri, 1839 and 1840; the others children were born in Texas, 1847 - 1861.

    The family moved to Texas in the early 1840s in an ox-drawn wagon via the 'Texas Trail' through Indian Territory. They initially settled in Navarro County in the Mercer Grant.

    The family relocated to near Sardis in McLennan County on 640 acres of land in 1848. Aaron R. Estes spoke several Indian languages and served his community and the Republic of Texas as an interpreter.

    Aaron R. Estes was a friend of Sam Houston.

    Aaron R. Estes helped to organize the first public school in the McLennan County and in 1854 was elected a trustee in the first school election.

    The family moved to Hill County in 1860.

    Aaron R. Estes initially enlisted in the Volunteer Company of Mounted Men, Beat 8, organized August 10, 1861, 28th Brigade. He then served in the 10th Texas Infantry from 23 Oct 1861 until his death on 02 Sept 1864 from wound(s) received at the Battle of Jonesboro, Clayton County, Georgia, as delineated above.

    Elizabeth Lucretia 'Lucy' [nee Wilson] Estes died on 10 Sept 1878 in Old Mt. Calm, Limestone County, Texas, and is buried in Mt. Antioch Cemetery, Limestone County, Texas. She was born 21 July 1822 in Pulaski County, Kentucky daughter of Elizabeth [nee Fox] and James Wilson. An image of her headstone is below.

    Aaron R. Estes' Memorial Headstone Elizabeth L. [nee Wilson] Estes' Headstone
    The Elizabeth L. [nee Wilson] and Aaron R. Estes Family
    taken from Lisa Kight's site
    Notes
    Note_01: Patrick R. Cleburne Confederate Cemetery, Jonesboro, Clayton County, Georgia

    Six hundred [600] to 1000 unidentified / unknown Confederate soldiers who died during the Battle of Jonesboro are interred in the General Patrick R. Cleburne Confederate Cemetery in Jonesboro, Clayton County, Georgia. Many of the Confederates were originally buried where they fell. The bodies were disinterred and reinterred in 1872 in this cemetery after it was formed by a grant from the Georgia State Legislature. The cemetery was named for CSA General Patrick R. Cleburne. The unmarked headstones are laid out in the shape of the Confederate Battle Flag. The cemetery is maintained by the United Daughter's of the Confederacy.

    I visited Patrick R. Cleburne Confederate Cemetery, Jonesboro, Clayton County, Georgia, in January 2006. The visit was part of my 'Native Soil Tour' in which I sprinkled Texas soil on the graves of Texas Confederate soldiers in three cemeteries in Tennessee and Georgia.

    Five images from Patrick R. Cleburne Confederate Cemetery are hyperlinked below.

    Signage at the cemetery tells a story of the development of the cemetery.

    Four images of the Patrick R. Cleburne Confederate Cemetery can be fetched from the hyperlinks below
  • entry arch
  • memorial monument stone
  • long view
  • view from among the trees

    A transcription of the memorial monument is as below:
  • TO THE HONORED MEMORY OF
    THE SEVERAL HUNDRED UNKNOWN
    CONFEDERATE SOLDIERS REPOSING
    WITHIN THIS ENCLOSURE WHO FELL
    AT THE BATTLE OF JONESBORO
    AUGUST 31 - SEPTEMBER 1, 1864

    THESE SOLDIERS WERE OF HARDEE'S CORPS.
    COMMANDED BY MAJ. GEN. PATRICK R. CLEBURNE,
    LIEUT GEN. STEPHEN D. LEE'S CORPS, AND A
    PORTION OF MAJ. GEN. JOSEPH WHEELERS
    CAVARLRY CORPS. COMMANDED BY LIEUT. GEN.
    WILLIAM J. HARDEE AND CHARGE WITH THE
    DEFENSE OF JONESBORO-THOUGH VASTLY OUT-
    NUMBERED BY FEDERAL FORCES-THEY GAVE
    THEIR LIVES TO PARRY THE FINAL THRUST AT
    THE HEART OF THE SOUTHERN CONFEDERACY

    ERECTED BY THE ATLANTA LADIES
    MEMORIAL ASSOCIATION
    1934

    INSCRIPTION BY
    WILBER G. KURTZ

    Sources
    Ref_01: Family Of Elizabeth L. [nee] Wilson and Aaron R. Estes webpages Lisa Kight,.
    Ref_02: 10th Texas Infantry Regiment by Scott McKay webpages.
    Ref_03: This Band of Heroes, Granbury's Texas Brigade, CSA, McCaffrey, James M.,
      Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas,1996
    Ref_04: Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Texas, Sifakis, Stewart, Facts on File,
      New York, NY, 1995
    Ref_05: NPS CWSSS Battle Summaries website.

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