Cemetery Works
Boulder, Colorado, USA
established 2001
Columbia Cemetery
American Civil War Soldier's Story
Granville Bottoms
Private Granville Bottoms,
Company C, 20th [Russell's] Tennessee Cavalry, CSA.
Died 27 July 1900; 66.3 years of age.

Granville Bottoms is one of seven Confederate veterans buried in Columbia Cemetery.

Granville Bottoms enlisted as a Private in Company C, 20th [Russell's] Tennessee Cavalry regiment on 01 August 1863 in west Tennessee. His residence was in Gibson County, Tennessee.

Granville Bottoms served more than 19 months the 20th Tennesse Cavalry regiment; 01 August 1863 - ~ Mar 1865. The 20th Tennesse Cavalry regiment was part of General Nathan Bedford Forrest's Cavalry Corps in the Confederate Department of Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisiana.

When Granville Bottoms was in service, the 20th Tennesse Cavalry regiment was engaged in the following battles which had a direct and decisive influence on a campaign and / or a direct impact on the course of the war:
  • Okolona, Mississippi, 22 Feb1864
  • Fort Pillow, 12 Apr 1864
  • Brice's Crossroads, Mississippi, 10 - 11 June 1864
  • Tupelo, Mississippi, 14 July 1864
  • Johnsonville, Tennessee, 03 - 05 Nov 1864
  • Franklin, Tennessee, 30 Nov 1864
  • Nashville, Tennessee,15 - 16 Dec 1864

    Granville Bottom's muster out / termination date is estimated as May 1865; it is not specific known. Granville and J.K. Bottom, his brother, are among the ranks of absentees and deserters reported on 28 Feb 1865 at Verona, Mississippi. However, R.M. Price reported that in June 1915, the Oklahoma Pension Board found that J.K. Bottom was reported 'absent, probably at Rutherford Station; residence Gibson County TN' in the roll of consolidated unit for February 1865. This would logically apply to Granville Bottoms.

    The battle of Fort Pillow is an infamous, dark event in Confederate historyu; it is also known as the Fort Pillow Massacre.

    After over running the fort, the Confederate forces 'drove the Federals down the riverís bluff into a deadly crossfire. Casualties were high and only 62 of the U.S. Colored Troops survived the fight. Many accused the Confederates of perpetrating a massacre of the black troops, and that controversy continues today.'

    Only about 22 percent of the US Color Troops [soldiers of the 2nd U.S. Colored Light Artillery and the 6th U.S. Colored Heavy Artillery regiments] were taken prisoner compared to about 60 percent of the 'white' Union soldiers.

    The US Congress Joint Committee On the Conduct of the War immediately investigated the incident [1864] and concluded that the Confederates shot most of the garrison after it had surrendered.


    Other information regarding Granville Bottoms gleaned from the Sources below includes:
  • born 28 Mar 1834 in Tennessee
  • married Esther O'Donnell before 1859 in Tennessee
  • J.K. Bottoms, Granville's brother, also served in Company C, 20th Tennessee Cavalry
  • widowed 22 Jul 1881 in Boulder, Colorado
  • two known daughters
  • resident of Boulder before 1880 census
  • occupation: miner
  • died 27 Jul 1900 in Boulder, Colorado


    Sources
  • R.M. Price's 20th [Russell's] Tennessee Cavalry, CSA, website
  • Boulder Genealogical Society's Columbia Cemetery Burial Index
  • Historical Data Systems, Inc., Duxbury, MA 02331
  • NPS CWSSS Regimental Histories
  • NPS CWSSS Battle Summaries

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