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My Army of Tennessee Ancestors

Preparing for a road trip to several US National Park Service National Battlefield in Tennessee and Georgia, I researched family history to determine which of my ancestors had fought in this region.

I found ten [10] ancestors whose regiments had been engaged in many of the significant battles of the Confederate Army of Tennessee in Tennessee, Georgia, and North Carolina.

Seven [07] ancestors,
    Aaron R. Estes, Edward B. Estes, Henry Harrison HIGH,
    Matthew M. 'Mack' Norman, George W. Williams, Hardy Brooks Williams,
    and Leander M. Williams,
served in regiments which participated in the campaigns from Chickamauga, Georgia, to Bentonville, North Carolina. Two died in service, Aaron R. Estes and George W. Williams.

Another two [02] ancestors,
    James Robert "Jim" BOX and Andrew J. BOX,
served in the 14th Texas [Dismounted] Cavalry regiment which participated in the campaigns from Murfreesboro [Stones River], Georgia, to Nashville, Tennessee, excepting a period in which it served in Gen. Joseph Johnston's Army of Relief of the Vicksburg Siege. Then, after the battle of Nashville, Tennessee, the regiment was dispatched to the defense of Mobile, Alabama.

The tenth ancestor,
    Rufus Morgan High,
served in a regiment which participated in the campaigns from Chickamauga, Georgia, to Atlanta, Georgia. After the Atlanta Campaign, the regiment was active in Tennessee and, then, Mississippi attached to the Department of Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisiana.

These Confederate Army of Tennessee soldiers are partitioned into Patrilineal and Matrilineal groups and, then, listed below alphabetically with service information and their relationship to me.

Significant Battles of the Army of Tennessee
The battles of the Confederate Army of Tennessee which had a direct impact on the course of the war and / or a decisive influence on a campaign include:
  • Murfreesboro [Stones River], Tenn., 31 Dec 1862 - 02 Jan 1863
  • Chickamauga, Ga.,19-20 September 1863
  • Chattanooga_III, Tenn., 23-25 November 1863
  • Ringgold Gap, Ga., 27 Nov 1863
  • Kennesaw Mountain, Ga., 27 June 1864
  • Marietta, Ga.., 09 June - 03 July 1864
  • Peachtree Creek, Ga., 20 July 1864
  • Atlanta, Ga., 22 July 1864
  • Ezra Church, Ga., 28 July 1864
  • Jonesborough, Ga., 31 August - 01 September 1864
  • Franklin_II, Tenn., 30 November 1864
  • Nashville, Tenn., 15 - 16 December 1864
  • Bentonville, NC, 19-21 Mar 1865

  • Granbury's Texas Brigade, CSA
    Interestingly, 8 of my Army of Tennessee ancestors were brigaded into the same unit for the last 17 month of the war; albeit, two did not survive General John Bell Hood's command.

    In November 1863, just before the battle of Missionary Ridge, Granbury's Texas Brigade was formed. It was composed of
  • the 7th Texas Infantry,
  • the 6th, 10th, and 15th Texas Infantry [previously consolidated],
       and
  • the 17th, 18th, 24th, and 25th Texas [Dismounted] Cavalry [previously consolidated].

    These regiments contained 2 patrilineal and 6 matrilineal ancestors. Specifically, by regiment:

    7th Texas Infantry [Nelson's] Regiment
  • Edward Burleson Estes; 08 Mar 1845 - 11 Jan 1933
       Private, Company A
       died of natural causes
       buried in the Pioneer Cemetery in Ranger, Eastland County, Texas
       matrilineal 2nd great granduncle
  • George W. Williams; 1840 - 30 Nov 1864
       Private, Company A
       killed in action at the Battle of Franklin, Tenn., 30 Nov 1864
       buried in the McGavock Confederate Cemetery on the Carnton Plantation, Franklin,
         Williamson County, Tennessee
       matrilineal 1st cousin 4 times removed
  • L.H. Williams
       Private, Company A
       specific relationship is unknown; except, his name is listed among family members of
         the Col. Leonard Williams [matrilineal] line

    10th Texas Infantry [Gregg's] Regiment
  • Aaron R. Estes; 10 May 1820 to 02 Sep 1864
       Sergeant, Company B
       Died on 02 Sept 1864 from wounds received in the Battle of Jonesboro, Clayton County, Georgia
       believed to be buried in the Patrick R. Cleburne Memorial Cemetery, Jonesboro,
         Clayton County, Georgia
       matrilineal 2nd great granduncle
  • Leander Miller Williams; 22 Jan 1845 to 06 Nov 1923
       Private, Company B
       also served in Company F, 15th Texas Cavalry; listed below
       died of natural causes
       buried in Proctor Cemetery, Proctor, Comanche County, Texas
       matrilineal 2nd great granduncle

    15th Texas Dismounted Cavalry [Sweet's] Regiment
  • Henry Harrison HIGH; 22 June 1842 - 12 April 1931
       Corporal, Company I
       died of natural causes
       buried in High Cemetery, High Community near Canton, Van Zandt County, Texas
       patrilineal great grandfather
  • Matthew Mack Norman; 11 Aug 1836 - 05 Mar 1921
       2nd Lieutenant, Company I
       died of natural causes
       buried in High Cemetery, High Community near Canton, Van Zandt County, Texas
       patrilineal great granduncle
  • Hardy Brooks Williams; 12 May 1847 to 05 Sept 1928
       died of natural causes
       buried in Mt. Calm Cemetery, Mt. Calm, Limestone County, Texas
       matrilineal 1st cousin 4 times removed
  • Leander Miller Williams; 22 Jan 1845 to 06 Nov 1923
       Private, Company F
       also served in Company B, 10th Texas Infantry; listed about
       died of natural causes
       buried in Proctor Cemetery, Proctor, Comanche County, Texas
       matrilineal 2nd great granduncle


  • Patrilineal Army of Tennessee Ancestors
    James Robert 'Jim' BOX
    Sergeant, Company D, 14th Texas [ Dismounted ] Cavalry Regiment
    great-grandfather

    Andrew J. BOX
    Private, Company D, 14th Texas [ Dismounted ] Cavalry Regiment
    great-granduncle

    Henry Harrison HIGH
    Corporal, Company I, 15th Texas [ Dismounted ] Cavalry Regiment
    great-grandfather

    Rufus Morgan HIGH
    Private, Company E, 6th Texas Cavalry Regiment
    great-granduncle

    Matthew M. 'Mack' NORMAN
    2nd Lieutenant, Company I, 15th Texas [ Dismounted ] Cavalry Regiment
    great-granduncle

    Matrilineal Army of Tennessee Ancestors
    Aaron R. Estes
    Sergeant, Company B, 10th Texas Infantry Regiment
    Died on 02 Sept 1864 from wounded received in the Battle of Jonesboro, Clayton County, Georgia
    2nd great granduncle

    Edward Burleson Estes
    Private, Company A, 7 Texas Infantry Regiment
    2nd great granduncle

    George W. Williams
    Private, Company A, 7th Texas Infantry Regiment
    Died on 30 Nov 1864 in the Battle of Franklin, Williamson County, Tennessee
    1st cousin, 4 times removed

    Hardy Brooks Williams
    Private , Company B, 15th Texas Cavalry Regiment
    1st cousin, 4 times removed

    Leander M. Williams
    Private, Company B, 10th Texas Infantry Regiment

    L.H. Williams
    Private, Company A, 7 Texas Infantry Regiment
    unknown; except, his name is listed among family members of the Col. Leonard Williams line

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